Only a few months after the second incarnation of the Jeff Beck Group had released their first album, Beck and friends were (rough and) ready to record again. The band had revealed itself as a more R&B-oriented combo – as opposed to the metallic blues of the Rod Stewart-fronted group – and planned to tap into some Stax soul on the next LP.

One of Beck's guitar heroes was Booker T. and the M.G.'s axe man and Stax house guitarist Steve Cropper, who agreed to produce the new Jeff Beck Group album. In January 1972, Beck, singer Bobby Tench, bassist Clive Chaman, keyboardist Max Middleton and drummer Cozy Powell flew to Memphis to see if they could tap into the city's greasy soul sound.

"We all thought we were going off to Stax Records, but unfortunately that had just been melted down, no one ever used that place again – it was a requisition, they turned it into a shopping mall or something," Beck told Fuzz magazine in 1999. Although the guitarist misremembered the circumstances (Stax was actually still functioning in 1972), it's true that the Jeff Beck Group did not record at the home of Otis Redding and Rufus Thomas. Instead, they recorded at Trans-Maximus Incorporated Studios, a facility co-owned by Cropper, who had parted ways with Stax a couple of years earlier.

"You don’t turn down the chance to work with Steve in any case," Beck said in 1999. "I’d have had him come over to England if we hadn’t gone out to Memphis."

For 1971's Rough and Ready, Beck had taken the time to craft a batch of original tunes. Due to the short turnaround for this next album, which would be self-titled, the boys relied on multiple covers, including some material they had been playing on the road. A soulful cover of Bob Dylan's "Tonight I'll Be Staying Here With You" landed on Jeff Beck Group, as did "Glad All Over" – originally recorded by Carl Perkins for Memphis's Sun Records in 1957.

One cover was likely unfamiliar to most listeners. "Going Down" had been written by Stax saxophonist and (later) producer Don Nix and recorded by his band, Moloch, in 1969. The hard-charging blues tune would become a signature song for version II of the Jeff Beck Group and, as a result, something of a blues-rock standard for Beck's contemporaries and followers.

Beck wrote a few new compositions for the album, including emphatic opener "Ice Cream Cakes" and elegiac closer "Definitely Maybe," which the group would perform on television to promote the new LP. Beck and Cropper collaborated on only one track, "Sugar Cane," and the Memphis Gentleman didn't play on the record, later claiming, "When Jeff Beck is playing, there is no room for another guitarist."

Jeff Beck Group was finished in January and released in early May 1972 in the U.S. (it was held over until June in the U.K.). Soon referred to as the Orange Album because of the picture of the fruit at the top of the cover, the LP was welcomed by fans (it reached No. 16 on the chart), but mostly panned by critics, who found the material uninspired, Tench's vocals lacking and the production boring. Most still praised Beck's guitar work.

Perhaps Beck agreed with that assessment. On July 24, not even three months after the album's U.S. release, the guitarist disbanded the group. Beck's manager released a statement that read, "The fusion of musical styles of the various members has been successful, within the terms of individual musicians, but they didn't feel it had led to the creation of a new musical style with the strength they had originally sought." Talk about a high bar to clear.

Beck quickly moved on to play with Timmy Bogert and Carmine Appice in the appropriately named hard-rock supergroup Beck, Bogert & Appice (though they were billed as the Jeff Beck Group for a summer 1972 tour). Singer Tench would join them for a short while before hooking up with Freddie King. Tench, Chaman and Middleton would later reconvene in the band Hummingbird. Meanwhile, Powell would become a beloved "drummer's drummer," with stints in Rainbow and Black Sabbath, as well as plenty of session work.

All members of the second Jeff Beck Group would go on to have some success in the music industry, but the band would never exist again.

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