Here’s a look at some interesting events that took place on this day in history:

1931: Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion (more info)

1933: Albert Einstein flees Nazi Germany and moves to the United States (more info)

1968: Olympic medalists Tommie Smith and John Carlos are forced to return their awards because they raised their fists in a black-power salute during the medal ceremony (more info)

1979: Mother Teresa is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her work with the poor in Calcutta, India (more info)

1989: The Loma Prieta earthquake hits the San Francisco Bay Area (during Game 3 of the World Series between the San Francisco Giants and Oakland A's), killing 67 people and causing more than $5 billion in damage (more info)